To evaluate the effect of delayed start of combination therapy (CT) with dutasteride 0.5 mg and tamsulosin 0.4 mg on the risk of acute urinary retention or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-related surgery (AUR/S) in patients with moderate-to-severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) at risk of disease progression.
Using a time-to-event model based on pooled data from 10,238 patients from Phase III/IV dutasteride trials, clinical trial simulations (CTS) were performed to assess the risk of AUR/S up to 48 months in moderate-to-severe LUTS/BPH patients following immediate and delayed start of CT for those not responding to tamsulosin monotherapy. Simulation scenarios (1300 subjects/arm) were investigated, including immediate start (reference) and alternative delayed start (six scenarios 1–24 months). AUR/S incidence was described by Kaplan–Meier survival curves and analysed using log-rank test. The cumulative incidence of events as well as the relative and attributable risks were summarised stratified by treatment.
Survival curves for patients starting CT at month 1 and 3 did not differ from those who initiated CT immediately. By contrast, significant differences (p < 0.001) were observed when switch to CT occurs ≥ 6 months from the initial treatment. At month 48, AUR/S incidence was 4.6% vs 9.5%, 11.0% and 11.3% in patients receiving immediate CT vs. switchers after 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively.
Start of CT before month 6 appears to significantly reduce the risk of AUR/S compared with delayed start by ≥ 6 months. This has implications for the treatment algorithm for men with LUTS/BPH at risk of disease progression.