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Prospective, Randomized, Multinational Study of Prostatic Urethral Lift Versus Transurethral Resection of the Prostate: 12-month Results from the BPH6 Study

Take home message

Assessment using a composite measure of effectiveness, quality of recovery, sexual function, continence, and safety revealed significantly better patient responses for prostatic urethral lift than for transurethral resection of the prostate as benign prostatic hyperplasia therapy. The new BPH6 study endpoint for lower urinary tract symptoms incorporates important aspects of quality of life.

Publication: European Urology, Volume 68, Issue 4, Pages 643-652

PII: S0302-2838(15)00326-7

DOI: 10.1016/j.eururo.2015.04.024


Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is considered the gold standard for male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, TURP may lead to sexual dysfunction and incontinence, and has a long recovery period. Prostatic urethral lift (PUL) is a treatment option that may overcome these limitations.


To compare PUL to TURP with regard to LUTS improvement, recovery, worsening of erectile and ejaculatory function, continence and safety (BPH6).

Design, setting, and participants

Prospective, randomized, controlled trial at 10 European centers involving 80 men with BPH LUTS.



Outcome measurements and statistical analysis

The BPH6 responder endpoint assesses symptom relief, quality of recovery, erectile function preservation, ejaculatory function preservation, continence preservation, and safety. Noninferiority was evaluated using a one-sided lower 95% confidence limit for the difference between PUL and TURP performance.

Results and limitations

Preservation of ejaculation and quality of recovery were superior with PUL (p < 0.01). Significant symptom relief was achieved in both treatment arms. The study demonstrated not only noninferiority but also superiority of PUL over TURP on the BPH6 endpoint. Study limitations were the small sample size and the inability to blind participants to enrollment arm.


Assessment of individual BPH6 elements revealed that PUL was superior to TURP with respect to quality of recovery and preservation of ejaculatory function. PUL was superior to TURP according to the novel BPH6 responder endpoint, which needs to be validated in future studies.

Patient summary

In this study, participants who underwent prostatic urethral lift responded significantly better than those who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate as therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia with regard to important aspects of quality of life.

Trial registration

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01533038.